Sunrise Water operates eleven wells with an actual production capacity of approximately 3.5 million gallons per day. Most of these wells are located in the Damascus area and were originally installed by the Damascus Water District. Water drawn from wells has filtered down through the layers of soil and is stored in the spaces between soil particles and rocks. In some cases, the underground water is hydrologically linked to a body of water, such as a river or stream, but in others the water is essentially an underground pool constrained by impermeable layers. The well water in our area is primarily of the constrained type due to the movement of magma, as evidenced by the many cinder cones in our area.
Continuous use of the wells prior to the formation of Sunrise Water Authority caused a steady decline in the aquifer levels in Damascus, a situation that was cause for concern from a long term perspective and one that could have impacts on the many private well users in the area. After formation of Sunrise Water, reliance on the wells as a primary water source was dramatically reduced. The wells are now used on a temporary basis during periods of high demand during the summer. The aquifers in the Damascus area have shown steady recovery since this strategy was implemented.